|Climate Maps of Turkey|
CLIMATE OF TURKEY
Turkey, often under the influence of the Mediterranean climate. However, however, significant differences can be separated from each other and the Black Sea continental climates are also effective.
Factors Affecting the climate of Turkey
The location of the area where the sun's rays are not perpendicular to Turkey. There are major differences in terms of decrease in the sun's rays throughout the year. As a result, the annual temperature differences in climates than Turkey. Experienced as a distinct four seasons.
Turkey is located at the location of the different air masses encountered. For this reason, in the rainfalls in winter, usually in the form of frontal precipitation.
The temperature decreases from south to north coasts.
Place shapes (altitude, the mountains stretch direction and aspect)
Climate change in Turkey is located a short distance due to the similar variety of forms and may last for the same dates characteristics of different seasons
Extends parallel to the coast north and south of the country, the mountains between the coastal and inland climate here is the difference. The difference lies in the Aegean region is less than perpendicular to the shore mountains. Receives more rainfall than the mountains, places extends parallel to the shore. For example, receives more rainfall than the Aegean coast of the Black Sea and the Mediterranean.
The temperature decreases from west to east due to ridge in Turkey. also receiving more rainfall than the surrounding high places, places the pit is less rainfall. For example, the Eastern Anatolia Region Central Anatolia Region is more precipitation. According to Eastern Anatolia, around the pit is very little rainfall in the Igdir.
South-facing slopes of the whole year due to the impact of illness in dağlarımızın warmer than the northern slopes.
Position relative to the sea
Now heats up the air humidity is greater than in coastal areas around the late cools down. Temperature differences are few. Winters are mild and rainfall. The air humidity is less than the inland areas heat up quickly, quickly cools down. Temperature differences will be more. Winters are cold and snowy, and rainfall is low.
Direction of wind blow
Lowering the temperature of the winds from the north to Turkey, south, those temperature increases (due to the effect of latitude).
The pressure centers around Turkey on wind and precipitation regime is effective.
Whether expanding the high pressure over the Atlantic Ocean in the summer and is under the influence of low pressure formed over the Arabian Gulf.
In winter, cold air from the north across the Mediterranean from the warm and humid air enters into effect. It consists of two air masses and fronts to encounter rain, mostly along the coast of Thrace, causes internal and snowfalls at higher elevations.
CLIMATE ELEMENTS IN TURKEY
Turkey, temperature, latitude aware of the coast, inland from the sea, altitude, location varies depending on factors such as the shapes.
Maps showing the distribution of temperature isotherm (Equivalent temperature) are called maps.
MAPS REAL isotherm
Drawn taking into account the effect of temperature elevation maps.
MAPS OF REDUCED isotherm
The whole place is considered to sea level. Eliminated the effect of the ridge. So, all the hills in temperature of 1 ° C increase every 200 m above sea level is reduced.
In the temperature distribution of different forms (elevation, slope, aspect and the mountains stretch direction) by eliminating the effect is drawn.
NOTE: If a location is greater than the difference between the actual temperature and the temperature of the ground elevation is reduced. Is less than the difference in elevation is less than
Temperature of the problems associated with
Example 1: A where the actual temperature (-5 ° C), the reduced temperature is 17 ° C. How many meters above sea level this place?
A: 17 - (-5) = 17 +5 = 22 ° C
200 m 1 ° C, changing, 22x200 = 4400 meters.
Example 2: 2900 m measured temperature (8 ° C), this temperature is reduced where several ° C.?
Re: 2900/200 = 14.5 ° C temperature increase. Accordingly -8 + 14.5 = 6.5 ° C
Example 3: a center height of 1800 m is the reduced temperature of 25 ° C. The actual temperature of this place would be a few ° C?
Re: 1800/200 = 9 ° C temperature decrease.
Accordingly, 25-9 = 16 ° C, respectively.
Annual Average Temperature Distribution
The average temperature in coastal areas due to the impact of the sea is higher than inland.
The effect of latitude northern shores temperature generally decreases towards the southern coasts.
Based on the average of the observation stations in Turkey for many years, annual average temperatures between 4-20 ° C.
The hottest parts of the country south of the Southeastern Anatolia and the Mediterranean coastal belt. Average annual temperature is around 16 ° C, above.
The higher parts of Erzurum and Kars plateau drops below 4 ° C. For reasons of elevation is more, karasallıktır.
2. Average Temperature Distribution in January
The highest temperatures occur in the coastal parts of the Mediterranean region. Causes: latitude, the effect of the sea from the north and the Taurus Mountains crimp helps prevent cold air masses.
The lowest temperatures are part of the Erzurum-Kars in eastern Anatolia. Causes: The elevations have more than karasallık, cold winds from the north.
Is the temperature difference between coastal and inland.
3. Distribution of Temperature in July Turkey
Decreased temperature difference between coastal and inland.
The highest temperatures occur in South Eastern Anatolia. For reasons of warm winds from the south Karasallık and effect.
The lowest temperatures occur in this period the Department of the Erzurum-Kars. The reason is the increased elevation.